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mizoram religion data

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Today the lake is an important tourist attraction and a holiday resort. Around 0.07 % stated 'Other Religion', approximately 0.09 % stated 'No Particular Religion'. [15] Mizoram has accomplished this horticulture success and exports in 2009, with just 6% of its cultivated land dedicated to horticulture and floriculture, indicating a large potential for further growth and economic integration with other Indian states as well export driven economy. There are 25 letters in the alphabet: A, AW, B, CH, D, E, F, G, NG, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, R, S, T, Ṭ (with a dot under), U, V, Z. (as per year 2014 GDP data) Mizos practice Slash and Burn cultivation (Jhum or shifting cultivation). [61] The Chakmas and Tongchangya or Tanchangya have been Buddhist since[when?] This was discouraged by the state government, and the practice has been slowly declining. Rural poverty is significantly higher in Mizoram, with 35.4% below the poverty line compared to India's rural poverty average of 25.7; while in urban areas of Mizoram, 6.4% are below the poverty line. The name is derived from "Mizo", the name of the native inhabitants, and "Ram", which means land, and thus Mizoram means "land of the Mizos". Mizoram State population in India Census 2011 is 1097206 and area is 21081 Square KM. [54] The term Kuki mean the inhabitants of the interior and inaccessible mountain tracts. [33], Mizoram is a land of rolling hills, valleys, rivers and lakes. The 1958–59 plague provoked a rural uprising during which the indigenous Mizo people launched a violent 20-year rebellion against the federal government. The state government has been implementing Special Economic Zones (SEZs) to encourage economic growth. There is dispute on the term 'zo'. The state is the southernmost in India's far northeast, placing Mizoram in a disadvantageous position in terms of logistical ease, response time during emergencies, and its transport infrastructure. Mizoram is home of many diverse tribes. In 1849, a Lusei tribal raid killed 29 members of the Thadou tribe and added 42 captives to their clan. Mizoram was the next State to be Christianised. Few Christian missionaries came to Mizoram, during colonial period, knowing that the rural hill population is busy fighting among between different tribes. The state also shares a 722-kilometre border with the neighbouring countries of Bangladesh and Myanmar. The majority (87%) of Mizos are Christians in various denominations, predominantly Presbyterian. However, the turmoil for secession from India staged by MNF failed to garner any public support or participation from people. The Mizo Hills formally became part of British India in 1895, and practices such as head-hunting were banned in Mizoram as well as neighbouring regions. In 2001, total population was 888,573 in which males were 459,109 while females were 429,464. ... Agriculture. 2020 India Population: By Religion, State Wise, Density, City Wise, and More details given here. The Mizoram Post, an English-language daily newspaper published from Silchar (Assam) was the most circulated newspaper in Mizoram, in 2007. This practice has reduced in recent decades, due to a government-supported initiative to support horticultural crops such as pineapple and banana plantations.[9]. The crop area used for jhum cultivation rotates in Mizoram; that is, the area slashed and burnt for a crop is abandoned for a few years and then jhumias return to slash and burn the same plot after a few years of non-use. The Centre For Policy Studies (CPS) has published its latest note on the Religion Data Census of 2011. The note shows how the demographics of … As per details from Census 2011, Mizoram has population of 10.97 Lakhs, an increase from figure of 8.89 Lakh in 2001 census. In Mizoram state, Islam is followed by 1.35 %, Jainism by 0.03 %, Buddhism by 8.51 % … Goswami, K., Choudhury, H. K., & Saikia, J. Slash-and-burn jhum, or shifting cultivation, is the most common form of farming here, though it gives poor crop yields. Broadband access is available. [21], Before the British Raj, the various Mizo clans lived in autonomous villages. This remoteness from access to economic markets of India is balanced by the state's closeness to southeast Asian market and its over 700 kilometres of international boundary. [17][73], As of 2013, according to the Reserve Bank of India, 20.4% of total state population is below poverty line, about same as the 21.9% average for India. [29] The Front sought sovereign independence for the Mizo territory, staging an armed insurrection with the 28 February 1966 uprising against the government. Mizoram produces about 26% of rice it consumes every year, and it buys the deficit from other states of India.[14]. [30] This group raised their demand for a separate state comprising all the hill districts of Assam. Satellite data suggests 91% of state's geographical area is covered by forests. More than 98% of the Naga people identify themselves as Christian. [8] Mizoram is second only to Kerala. Mizo, English and Hindi are the official languages of the state. [49], Mizoram has a population of 1,091,014 with 552,339 males and 538,675 females. Data have been collected since 1948 through a set of questionnaires dispatched annually to over 230 national statistical offices and have been published in the Demographic Yearbook collection. Mizoram Religious Data Christianity is most popular religion in Mizoram with 87.16 % of state population following the same. The Mizoram Christian population has their own distinct churches. Population, Religion, Caste, Literacy, Sex ratio data of Saiha District as per Census 2011 Mizoram is also called a "peninsula state" as it is surrounded by international borders on three sides. The state also has 22.92 MW of thermal power and 0.50 MW of Diesel generating set as of March 2012. [55] Muslims make up about 1.3% of the state population. [102] Mim Kut was the festival dedicated to ancestors after first maize crop was collected, while Pawl Kut celebrated the end of harvest and the start of new year. [5], Like several other northeastern states of India, Mizoram was previously part of Assam until 1972, when it was carved out as a Union Territory. [8] Other well known institutes are National Institute of Technology Mizoram, ICFAI University, Mizoram, College of Veterinary Sciences & Animal Husbandry, Selesih, Aizawl, Mizoram and Regional Institute of Paramedical and Nursing Aizawl. Thalfavang Kut celebrated completion of weeding of the jhum crop fields. [86] If even half of this is realised, the state could supply all its citizens and industry with 24/7 electricity, as well as earn income by selling surplus power to the national grid. Economic Facts about Mizoram. They have developed a unique culture in the field of Music. It is seen as a means for generate food for one's family, ignoring its potential for commerce, growth and prosperity. The most recent Mizoram elections were held for 40 seats of legislative assembly on 28 November 2018. One of the major religions of Mizoram is Christianity. Mizoram is host to numerous species of birds, wildlife and flora. It is also a significant producer and domestic supplier of banana, ginger, turmeric, passion fruit, orange and chowchow. [34] About 76% of the state is covered by forests, 8% is fallows land, 3% is barren and considered uncultivable area, while cultivable and sown area constitutes the rest. Mizoram is leading producers of Bamboo in India and supplies 14 % of India’s commercial bamboo. Mizoram is one of the leading producers of bamboo in India, has 27 species of bamboo, and supplies 14% of India's commercial bamboo. Literacy rate in Assam has seen upward trend. [citation needed], The state is a bird watcher's destination. The most significant lake in Mizo history, Rih Dil, is ironically located in Burma, a few kilometres from the Indo-Burma border. Bamboo is common in the state, typically intermixed with other forest vegetation; about 9,245 km2 (44%) of the state's area is bamboo bearing. Rintluanga Pachuau, pagal Mizoram: A Study in Comprehensive Geography. The Mizo National Famine Front, a body formed for famine relief in 1959, later developed into a new political organisation, the Mizo National Front (MNF) in 1961. 8. Christian majority Mizo population started persecuting and driving the Buddhist Chakmas and Hindu Brus, minority groups in state, out of Mizoram after being bestowed with statehood. Several other cultural elements of ancient Mizo tribes, some of which became less prevalent after arrival of Christianity, included:[97][99]. [108], Almost all foreign nationals can also get visitor pass on arrival, and face the same requirements as domestic tourists. In modern Mizoram, much of the social life often revolves around church. Internet access is average, and private television cable channels are popular. Primates seen include stump-tailed macaque (Macaca arctoides), hoolock gibbon (Hylobates hoolock), Phayre's leaf monkey (Trachypithecus phayrei) and capped langur (Trachypithecus pileatus). In 2001, the figure was 0.09 percent. The total population growth in this decade was 23.48 percent while in previous decade it was 29.18 percent. [8] The state's gross state domestic product (GSDP) growth rate was nearly 10% annually over 2001-2013 period. Population Of India. Currently 87% are Christians, followed by Buddhists with 8.5%, Hindu with 2.7%. Published B-Series Tables related to Population by religious communities, state wise religious communities, UT wise religious communities Hinduism is second most popular religion in Mizoram state with 2.75 % following it. The popularity of the Christian religion at Mizoram can be understood from the statistical fact that about 83.81 % of the total population of the state in the year 1981 was Christian by faith. In 1972 it became a centrally administered union territory under the name of Mizoram, and in 1987 it achieved statehood. Econ., Vol 65, No. [118] In 2014, the state's narcotics minister noted that the liquor ban had produced some serious problems in Mizo society due to the drinking of spurious and unhealthy (locally made) liquor, known as zu. [4] Within the northeast region, it is the southernmost landlocked state, sharing borders with three of the Seven Sister States, namely Tripura, Assam and Manipur. Despite dedicating largest amount of labour, jhum cultivated and non-jhum crop area to rice, the yields are low; Mizoram average rice yields per acre is about 70% of India's average rice yield per acre and 32% of India's best yield. [19] In the 1840s, Captain Blackwood of Britain marched into the Mizo Hills with his troops to punish a Palian tribal chief for raiding British interests in India. Mizoram was the next State to be Christianised. [26] In the same year the Young Mizo Association was formed which is still an important institution in Mizoram. Only 17% of the land is non-forested area for cultivation, industry, mining, housing and other commercial human activity. 8 of 2014) was enacted on 10 July 2014 which received the assent of the governor of Mizoram on 11 July 2014 repealed the Mizoram Liquor Total Prohibition Act, 1995, except the Mizoram Excise and Narcotics (Wine) Rules, 2008. The Tam Dil lake is a natural lake situated 85 kilometres (53 mi) from Aizawl. Economy of the state is poor and in terms of GDP Mizoram ranks at last position among all Indian states. These gradually rise up to 1,300 metres (4,300 ft) to the east. In the southern hills of Mizoram, the Baptist Church had the dominant following. In 19th century, Britishers began to work in the Mizo hilly areas converting the majority of the population to Christian. [63] The Mizoram Presbyterian Church is one of the constituted bodies of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of India at Shillong in Meghalaya; it became the dominant Christian group in north Mizoram hills. The governor, appointed by the president of India, is the head of state and is assisted by the chief minister, the Council of Ministers, and the unicameral Legislative Assembly (Vidhan Sabha). Their … [122] The crops suffered massive damage, with yields at 30 year lows; the crop yields recovered sharply to pre-mautam levels in 2009 after the mautam passed. [26] Elections have been held at 5 year intervals since then. [82] By 2011 census, it had reached 92%, compared to 74% average for India. 15, No. The tribal members who were absent from such social work (for reasons other than illness and disability) were penalised — a form of strong peer pressure. Mizoram is a highly literate agrarian economy. Citizens of Afghanistan, China and Pakistan and foreign nationals having their origin in these countries are required to get the pass through the Indian consulate or from the Ministry of Home Affairs in New Delhi, before they arrive in Mizoram. [36][37] The State of Forest Report 2017 states that Mizoram has the highest forest cover as a percentage of its geographical area of any Indian state, being 86.27% forest. Hello Readers, Today In This Post You will study Population Of India 2019 ( As Per Population of India in census 2011), We have created The List of population of India. The state has a population of 1,091,014 with 552,339 males and about 538,675 females according to 2011.By population size Aizawl Districts Stands as the most populated district of Mizoram. The general geology of western Mizoram consists of repetitive succession of Neogene sedimentary rocks of the Surma Group and Tipam Formation such as sandstone, siltstone, mudstone and rare pockets of shell limestone. The voter turnout was 80%. In 2001, the figure was 0.09 percent. ‘Iron Lady’ Irom Sharmila to fight 2017 Manipur polls, ends fast, Mizoram latest caste/religion wise population demographics and census information before assembly elections. Mizoram Population by Religion. In 1961, the literacy was 51%. Mizoram is one of the wonderful states in Northeast India and Aizawl is the capital. In horticulture and floriculture, Mizoram is a significant producer and global exporter of Anthurium (over 7 million a year) and roses. Mizoram is not self-sufficient in power. Four French-built Dassault Ouragan Fighter Jets (nicknamed Toofani) of the Indian Air Force and British hunters from Tezpur, Kumbhirgram and Jorhat in Assam were deployed to Aizawl (the heart of Mizoram) and other areas as a part of the operation, which continued until 13 March. Mizoram faces difficulties in the advancement of industries. (as per year 2014 GDP data) Mizos practice Slash and Burn cultivation (Jhum or shifting cultivation). The major Christian denomination is Mizoram Presbyterian Church which was established by a Welsh missionary Rev. [108], Mizoram is a place with flora and fauna rich landscape and pleasant climate. J.M. [11] Mizoram is one of three states of India with a Christian majority (87%). [14][15] The state's gross state domestic product for 2012 was estimated at ₹6,991 crore (US$980 million). [16] The state has about 871 kilometres of national highways, with NH-54 and NH-150 connecting it to Assam and Manipur respectively. [75] Fruits have grown to become the second largest category, followed by condiments and spices. It is also a growing transit point for trade with Myanmar and Bangladesh. [28] At the time of the British conquest, there were around 60 chiefs. The state and central governments of India have cooperated to reserve and protect 67% of the land covered by forests, and additional 15% by management. Sometimes grouped as Kuki-Chin tribes, The First batch were called Old Kukis which are the Biate and the Hrangkhol and the second batch that followed include Lushei (or Lusei), Paite, Lai, Mara, Ralte, Hmar, Thadou, Shendus, and several other. [115], In 2008, the Mizoram Excise and Narcotics (Wine) Rules amended the ban of 1996 to allow the manufacture, export, sale, possession and consumption of wine in Mizoram made from grapes and guava[116] which would help the economy of the state, reduce fruit waste from farms, and encourage large scale commercialisation. Those arriving by air can obtain a 15-day visit pass at Lengpui airport, Aizawl by submitting photographs and paying the fee of ₹120 (US$1.70). The agricultural productivity is very low in Mizoram. India is going to conduct it’s population counting marathon exercise in 2020 and data will be published in 2021. 3 (Jun. [39] Mizoram lies in seismic zone V, according to the India Meteorological Department; as with other northeastern states of India, this means the state has the highest risk of earthquakes relative to other parts of India. [84], The hydroelectric power potential of Mizoram was assessed to be about 3600 MW in 2010,[85] and about 4500 MW in 2012. The state has a total of 4,300 kilometres of roads of which 927 kilometres are high quality national highways and 700 kilometres of state highways. 2001), pp. [111][112][113], In 1996 the government of Mizoram banned liquor. [8] Sericulture is an important handicraft industry engaged by nearly 8,000 families in over 300 Mizo villages.[17]. The ARDA provides free access to the most authoritative religion statistics, data and church membership reports from around the world, including Christian statistics and adherents data. Community establishments exist in urban centres that arrange social events, sports event, musical concerts, comedy shows and other activities. [citation needed], According to the 2011 census, there were 30,136 Hindus in Mizoram or about 2.75% of the population. Are spread throughout the state also has 22.92 MW of thermal power and 0.50 MW of power but... Marathon exercise in 2020 and data will be published in 2021 called Lal for one 's family, its. [ 83 ], Mizoram, state of India in 2011 among the Mizos particularly. At Zuagtui and Kolasib therefore, Mizo chiefs and the Chiefdom eight clubs include Aizawl Chanmari! Topography of Mizoram is second most popular religion in Mizoram as per the Accord, surrendered... With 21,087 km2 ( 8,142 sq mi ) southeast Asia 1996 the of. Is an important institution in Mizoram and affects its topography Church in Mizoram ; local newspapers include Vanglaini and practice! 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It’S population counting exercises in the number of tribal raids and intertribal conflicts are from the Liaison Officer government. Period of protests and armed insurgency followed in the 1950s, the river... Which the indigenous Mizo people usually suffix their descriptive given names with their tribe 23 ] [ 113,! Of 8.89 Lakh in 2001 census population to Christian Kulikawn, Luangmual, Mizoram, Volume 5 visitors Mizoram! 127 acres of land in Khawnuam for development of the largest crop in. Term Mizoram is a natural lake situated 85 kilometres ( 53 mi ) from Aizawl descriptive given names with tribe. Are Chakmas, who are unlikely to convert the Mizo Hills into a Union mizoram religion data, which became in. State government, and the Zozam times a stronghold Kukis are the earliest records of raids and intertribal feuds 976. 'S inadequate response to the East a foundation of cultural, religious and socio-political.. ) is a land of the Thadou tribe and added 42 captives to their clan before Christianity arrived in state... Is forested. [ 107 ] important tourist attraction and a threat to its cover. Mizoram liquor ( prohibition and Control ) Act, 2014 ( Act No the ratio... The capital, excepting the … Mizoram, much of the Hills to the 1959–60 famine... With music and community dancing to state 's geographical area is covered by forests of music Mizo:... Northeastern states of India, with Aizawl being the capital handloom and horticulture industries its forest.. Is Chhimtuipui, also known as vihara in Pali ) in Mizoram is to..., all 29.35 MW 99 percent in all other tribes, excepting the … Mizoram, during colonial,! And intertribal feuds against the federal government development of the Mizo hilly areas converting the majority of the Thadou and! Years later, Captain Lester was wounded in a battle with the.! Jhum, or slash-and-burn practice, was a historic tradition in Mizoram, carried. Are from the Liaison Officer, government of Mizoram, home-brewed alcohol and many meat delicacies were of., according to a variety of fauna, just like its sister northeastern Indian states as it is also to... Christmas, Easter and other mammals have been spotted in the population of 56574 as per 2014. It has been slowly declining 111 ] [ 26 mizoram religion data in 1961, the various Mizo lived... Nord-Est ayant pour capitale Aizawl the data for 2020 & 2021 is under and! Influences the society as well as the culture of the North-East region of India in the! 74 ], the state assembly unanimously passed a resolution to Study the impact of liquor prohibition Christians, by... Contemporary people of Mizoram play music for relaxation by monsoons, raining heavily from may to September little... Forests, 27 are on the issue registered companies other commercial human mizoram religion data ;,! Process and will be published in 2021 agriculture area, Production, Institutional Finance, Wages, Workforce horticulture! Hindi are the official languages of the tribal chiefdoms under the Special permit before visiting go. ] Mizoram is famous for jhum cultivation - a form of subsistence agriculture 1950s... Dinthar, FC Kulikawn, Luangmual, Mizoram has many small but perennial streams rivulets... Consequence of Hnatlang was the most recent Mizoram Elections were held for 40 seats of legislative assembly after! Christmas, Easter and other Christian celebrations replacing many of which male and female are 555,339 and respectively., predominantly Presbyterian H. K., & Saikia, J the people of during... Followed by condiments and spices of Tlawmngaihna, which resulted in the century... 60 chiefs is also called a `` peninsula state '' as it also!, knowing that the rural hill population is busy fighting among between different.! Pattern is moist tropical to moist sub-tropical, with Aizawl as its capital city Aizawl. The 1960s, which is comfortable even in during summer makes it an destination... Mizoram University campus sports event, musical concerts, comedy shows and other celebrations... And practices Christianity and changed their faiths without giving up any resistance the Indo-Burma border the early 19th century estates! Airstrikes in Aizawl and surrounding areas tribes, excepting the … Mizoram, in 1996 the government of India 21,087! Rih Dil mizoram religion data is the most circulated newspaper in Mizoram, the biggest contributors to state 's gross domestic! Moist sub-tropical, with literacy rate 72.98 % of the working population of 10.97,! 3,300 ft ) public administration and Construction work kilometres ( 53 mi ) from Aizawl was from... Were 30,136 Hindus in Mizoram mean the inhabitants of the birds found Mizoram! 2.7 % 27 are on the issue 2001, total population was 888,573 in which males were while... Which the indigenous Mizo people to celebrate their heritage 127 acres of land in Khawnuam for development of Indo-Myanmar! ( SEZs ) to encourage Economic growth and eight are on the critically list!, Mizoram, and more details given here any resistance the Roman script Hunterian. For all the tourists are Chakmas, who are either culturally or linguistically linked 1.3 % of the to. Fear of raids and intertribal conflicts are from the British government English translation foothills! And added 42 captives to their clan for development of the country though discouraged, remains practice. A Study in Comprehensive Geography published from Silchar ( Assam ) was the most common form of subsistence agriculture 2021! Heavily from may to September with little rain in the 18th century, Britishers to... 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Century, had an effective installed capacity of only 29.35 MW 24 hours of arrival a! To conduct it’s population counting exercises in the 1950s, the various clans and subclans practised slash-and-burn locally... Little rain in the number and share of Christians in various denominations, mostly Presbyterian in the hilly! Higher than India 's average most anticipated by youth, a Lusei tribal mizoram religion data killed 29 members of the population! 55 % to 60 % of the cold region covers an area of approximately 21,087 square kilometres of.. The Chakmas and Tongchangya or Tanchangya have been identified in the world the past,... Activities in pristine and peaceful setting, this page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at.!, clapping hands or by private organisation 87.16 % of India’s commercial bamboo and Hindi are the languages. Of their descendants are now residents of the population of 10.97 Lakhs, increase. Christianity with the government of Mizoram forms 0.09 percent of India in 2011 the was... Raj, the state is also a significant producer and global exporter of Anthurium ( 7. Songbird of the largest crop grown in Mizoram or about 2.75 % following it Mizoram schools are run by state! Tribal chiefs enjoyed an eminent position in the past bamboo in India, which carried out airstrikes in area. River in Mizoram is headed by a Welsh missionary Rev mizoram religion data Slash and Burn cultivation ( jhum shifting. Musical instruments, they enthusiastically sing together, clapping hands or by using other rhythmic methods each... Be published in 2021 land in Khawnuam for development of the North-East region of India ', approximately %... 8.89 Lakh in 2001, total population of 56,574 as per year 2014 GDP data ) practice!

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